Category Archives: B. Ed Notes

Philosophy and Education

Meaning of Philosophy

The word ‘Philosophy’ is made up of two Greek words – ‘Philo’ and ‘Sophia’. Philo means ‘love’ and Sophia means ‘wisdom.’ Philosophy is the ‘love of wisdom or knowledge.’ In Indian philosophy, ‘darsana’ is the word used for philosophy. It means ‘the vision of the real or truth’, which is nothing but God. The aim of philosophy is the search for wisdom. One who is engaged in this process may be said to be a philosopher. In his famous book ‘Republic’, Plato says, “He who has a taste for every sort of knowledge and who is curious to learn and is never satisfied may be justly termed a Philosopher.”

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MEANING, NATURE AND AIMS OF EDUCATION (Revised)

Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, education is the only means. Its goal is to make an individual perfect. Every society gives importance to education because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve the various problems of life.

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EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT

The term ‘management’ itself, derives from the verb ‘to manage’, which can mean: 1) to handle 2) to control 3) to make and keep submissive 4) to organize 5) to alter by manipulation 6) to carry out for a purpose.

Some people talk of management as an art, a science, an organization, a person, a discipline, or a process. Let us consider each of these in turn.

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MEANING, NATURE AND AIMS OF EDUCATION

Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, education is the only means. Its goal is to make an individual perfect. Every society gives importance to education because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve the various problems of life.

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MEANING, NATURE AND SCOPE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

What is Psychology?

- The word, ‘Psychology’ is derived from two Greek words, ‘Psyche’ and ‘Logos’. Psyche means ‘soul’ and ‘Logos’ means ‘science’. Thus psychology was first defined as the ‘science of soul”.
- According to earlier psychologists, the function of psychology was to study the nature, origin and destiny of the human soul. But soul is something metaphysical. It cannot be seen, observed and touched and we cannot make scientific experiments on soul.

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