Relevance of Educational Psychology for Secondary Teachers

Educational psychology has contributed considerably to the creation of the modern system of education. The knowledge of educational psychology helps the teacher in the following ways:

1. To understand the Stages of Development: Psychology has clearly shown that human life passes through different stages of development before it reaches adulthood. They are infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Psychologists have also thoroughly studied the characteristic behaviour patterns in these different periods of life. Identification of these periods with different sets of characteristics and attributes as regards physical, mental and emotional development greatly help educationists to design curriculum and determine appropriate methods of teaching for students at different stages.
2. To Know the Learner: The child or the learner is the key factor in the teaching-learning process. Educational psychology helps the teacher to know his interests, attitudes, aptitudes and the other acquired or innate capacities and abilities; to know the stage of development linked with his social, emotional, intellectual, physical and aesthetic needs; to know his level of aspiration, his conscious and unconscious behaviour; his motivational and group behaviour; his conflicts, desires and other aspects of his mental health. So that perfect guidance and help can be provided and positive attitude towards the learner can be formed.
3. To Understand the Nature of Classroom Learning: Educational Psychology helps the teacher to adapt and adjust his teaching according to the level of the learners. A teacher is teaching in a class but a large number of students do not understand the subject-matter which is being taught. To deal with the students effectively in the class the teacher must have the knowledge of the various approaches to the learning process, principles, laws and factors affecting it then only he/she can apply remedial measures in the learning situation.
4. To Understand the Individual Differences: No two persons are exactly alike. Pupils differ in their level of intelligence, aptitudes, likes and dislikes and in other propensities and potentialities. There are gifted, backward, physically and mentally challenged children. Thus, psychology tells the teacher about the individual differences among the students in the class and the procedure, methodology and techniques to be adopted for them.
5. To Solve Classroom Problems: There are innumerable problems like truancy, bullying, peer pressure, ethnic tensions, cheating in tests etc. Educational Psychology helps to equip the teacher by studying the characteristics of the problem children, the dynamics of the group, behavioural characteristics and adjustments.
6. To develop Necessary Skills and Interest in Teaching: Educational psychology helps the teacher to acquire and develop necessary qualities and skills to deal with the problems created by the pupils, maintain a healthy atmosphere in the classroom and show concern regarding the progress of the child.
7. To Understand Effective Methods of Teaching: Educational Psychology has discovered several new approaches, principles. methods and techniques of teaching which are very helpful in today’s teaching-learning process. Educational psychology tells us how significant play and recreation are for the children and how play-way methods turn learning into an interesting task.
8. To Understand the Influence of Heredity and Environment on the Child: Educational psychology helps the teacher to know that the child is the product of heredity and environment. They are the two sides of a coin. Both play a prominent part in the all-round development of the child. While the child is born with a number of hereditary qualities, environment helps them to be modified according to the requirements of the society.
9. To Understand the Mental Health of the Child: Educational Psychology helps the teacher to know what are the factors responsible for the mental ill-health and maladjustment of a student and to suggest improvement thereof. Besides this, it also provides the teacher with necessary insight to improve his own mental status to cope up with the situation.
10. To Understand the Procedure of Curriculum Construction: Curriculum is an integral part of the teaching-learning process. Curriculum should be child-centred and fulfil the motives and psychological needs of the individual because child capacities differ from stage to stage. Educational psychology helps the teacher to suggest ways and means to curriculum framers to prepare sound and balanced curriculum for the children.
11. To Provide Guidance and Counselling: Today guidance to a child at every stage of life is needed because psychological abilities, interests and learning styles differ from person to person. Similarly, what courses of study the child should undertake in future is also a vital question. All these can be answered well if the teacher knows the psychology of children.
12. To Understand Principles of Evaluation and Assessment: Evaluation is an integral part of the teaching-learning process. How to test the potentialities of the child depends upon the evaluation techniques. The development of the different types of psychological tests for the evaluation of the individual is a distinct contribution of educational psychology.
13. To inculcate Positive and Creative Discipline: The slogan of the traditional teachers was “spare the rod and spoil the child.” Flogging the child was the chief instrument. Educational Psychology has replaced the repressive system with the preventive system. Now teachers adopt a cooperative and scientific approach to modify the behaviour of the students. Emphasis is laid on self-discipline through creative and constructive activities.
14. Educational Psychology and Research: Educational psychologists conduct research to improve the behaviour of human beings in the educational situation. For this purpose it helps in developing tools and devices to measure the performance and suggest remedial measures thereof.
15. To Know Himself/Herself: Educational Psychology helps the teacher to know about himself/herself. His/her own behaviour pattern, personality characteristics, likes and dislikes, motivation, anxiety, conflicts, adjustment etc. All this knowledge helps him in growing as a successful teacher.
16. Educational Psychology Helps in Professional Growth, Changing Attitude and Innovative Thinking: Inside the classroom, educational psychology has enabled the teacher to achieve proper conditioning of pupils by achieving and directing classroom programmes on human lives. Not only this, educational psychologists are busy in finding out innovations in the field of education. These innovations will bring about professional growth of the teacher.
In Conclusion, we can say that educational psychology has contributed considerably to the creation of the modern system of education. In teaching, we are dealing with three elements – the teacher, the student, and the subject. It has helped teachers, headmasters, administrators, inspectors, guidance and counselling workers, social workers to significantly develop an impartial and sympathetic attitude towards children and form them into integrated personalities.


About John Parankimalil

John Parankimalil, SDB, M.A. (English), M.Ed, Ph.D (Education), popularly known as P.D. Johny is a member of the Salesians of Don Bosco. He is presently the Rector and Principal of Don Bosco College, Tura, Meghalaya and Director of Don Bosco College of Teacher Education, Tura. He received the 1st Computer Literacy Excellence Award from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the President of India in August 2002 and the Guruvar Best Teacher Award from Shri Kapil Sibal, HRD Union Minister in 2009. He was formerly Principal of St Anthony's Higher Secondary School, Shillong and National President of All India Association of Catholic Schools (AINACS), New Delhi and the Charter President of Rotary Club of Orchid City, Shillong. He has authored several books. He is an Eduationist, Story-Teller and Leadership Trainer. He conducts seminars for Principals, Teachers, Students and Parents. His popular books include, He Can Who Thinks He Can (Macmillan), An Elocution Manual (Orient Longman), Progressive Parenting (Unicorn), Inspirational Stories for Purposeful Living (Babhani) The Way to Success and Happiness (Savio), How to Win Over Your Problems (Babhani), The Secrets of High Achievers (Babhani).
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96 Responses to Relevance of Educational Psychology for Secondary Teachers

  1. Adubasim Peace says:

    what to know more on psychlogy

  2. Adedayo says:

    …relevant article…can I get it in PDF format On my email?
    …great job!

  3. Ebiseni Damilare says:

    Thank you for this great job, you are well done From Nigeria +2348085818486 or +2347025765988

  4. Ronoh kipkemboi alfred says:

    i must comment on the information above that it has helped me as a teacher,thanks alot.

  5. Adewale says:

    Plz cn i be mail items on psychology to my email

  6. Ibrahim A. Issah says:

    what a great job? keep it up.may de good lord grand u success in field of endeavour.tanx

  7. oyugi micah says:

    absolutely amazing,thanks.

  8. Lawn says:

    Thank you for these great job. Well done.

  9. Malish says:

    That is great dear, i enjoyed it.

  10. Davies kipsang says:

    wooow! what article? it has maximum utility, thanks. Davies >Kenya

  11. thank you very much no comment is much useful

  12. my name is samwel bayyo from josiah kibira university i thanks your contribution

  13. you done a great job.u are throughly a psychologist

  14. Cheshire Marx says:

    Thank you for the job done. i have indeed benefited.

  15. ashell madzamba says:

    thanks man

  16. clemence says:

    great job!……. can l get it in PDF format on my mail and relevant articles………………

  17. silas kanzara says:

    thank you for helping us with information

  18. Martin Miasalhou says:

    Great job (Y)

  19. samuel says:

    This is as good as having a tutor on my door step, thats great. can i have a PDF in my email.

  20. jane says:

    Thanks a lot for d job well done…… JANE from Nigeria

  21. Frances Macauley says:

    I need a PDF copy in my in box.Thnx!

  22. Hyten Hanyana says:

    Great job, can i get it in PDF format

  23. Prince yanga says:

    Thanks alot ,kindly send mi the pdf

  24. Mrs Phyllis Abrah says:

    good information, thanks

  25. edwin bupe says:

    Lov your contribution towards many lives. Stay blessed. Bupe zamuco

  26. Haroo Naseer says:

    Very good job and we expect more from u

  27. John lucius says:

    I really aprecaited a work well done in me by the (above) nd so god gave us same too, but let’s not go down to 6ft without passing d ball.

  28. sohnan wala says:

    please help me out on impact of educational system on education system

  29. angiejay says:

    work well done

  30. mercy kavoi says:

    thats a great work big up

  31. charanpreet kaur says:

    Thankyou so much it’s awesome

  32. Arokiaraj SD says:

    Very much useful

  33. Peter Losokolian says:

    It so nice I enjoyed it as a teacher.. Gudos and continue with the great work.I’m in kisii university.God bless use abundantly..

  34. Peter Losokolian says:

    It so nice I enjoyed it as a teacher.. Gudos and continue with the great work.I’m in kisii university.God bless you abundantly..

  35. MWEETWA DENNIS says:

    Educational psychology helps to understand how learning processes can be effectively guided by taking into account the special circumstances of the student’s setting.It also helps to determine how teaching can be made more effective, how educational goals can be made more meaningful, and how desirable educational goals can be achieved.

  36. MWEETWA DENNIS says:

    This study area reminds me of mr Ignitius Ngenda former lecturer at kitwe college of education

  37. moses madibo says:

    good piece!

  38. that u for posting this issue of psychology

  39. Erasmus Kwesi says:

    this is great … helped me in my assignment.
    keep educating the world

  40. JAMES MUTHUI says:

    Good document indeed…

  41. freck R Malunga says:

    Helpful material

  42. ovy ovie says:

    good points but no scholarly evidence

  43. Akudo pious says:

    Awesome research.thanks so really educating.

  44. Ntawukuriryayo Alfred says:

    even if tomorrow nevercome , I shall add my contribution. thanks alot.

  45. BANDA JAMES says:

    very educative, it has helped me in my assignment.keep intouch with the world of technology

  46. Rasheeda says:

    good points provaided

  47. ISAAC MANU. says:

    Wonderful. All my teaching problems in classroom solved.

  48. Azumah Mensah Emmanuel says:

    Want to say a very big kudos to you for this
    great knowledge you made available for us. Tnx

  49. Bravol!! for the job well do!! you deserve a crown.

  50. Wonderful and beautiful piece of material.congrants Mr John

  51. Harry says:

    Thanks for this very important information

  52. it’s quite an educative text.

  53. Mathews says:

    Nice!!! I hav enjoyed it. I need pdf in my inbox pliz.

  54. Chibeka Chibeka says:

    Help:discuss the important of educational psychology to a teacher with specific examples.Instructions=4/5 pages including references.

  55. Chibeka chibeka says:

    Thanks for the wonderful materials.Mr John p

  56. FUNDI ROBERT says:

    This is so great. God bless u!

  57. sir its a great topic which is helpful in preparing my exams…thnx alot sir

  58. Aubrey kapindula says:

    Am very thankful sir for this wonderful research,it has made to have keen interest to study this very component as my major subject may the gud lord richly bless you.

  59. Faidha fussi says:

    well done job i real appreciate this it will expand the mind of the many people in the world from especially to teachers from Tanzania

  60. prosper says:

    thanks for this detailed aticle. Please how can i relate agricultural education to developmental psychology. I need response

  61. Levy Wa Nyamuwowo Nyondo says:

    This information has really helped me in my studies. Keep on sharing with us whatever information you have. I love this!!

  62. Chuunka V. Kambaila says:

    Very useful information for teachers and lecturers. Keep it John.


    Thank you for this detailed and clear article. The best i have read in years. ZIMBABWE…

  64. trust batisayi says:

    thumps up 4 john….great job man

  65. Thokozani says:


  66. Khaoya Jastine says:


  67. Janefrances says:

    I so much love the article,it helped greatly in my assignment. Thanks. Janie from Nigeria.

  68. charles musama says:

    Thank you very much for your information it has really helped me to answer an assignment ..keep it up!!

  69. v3 says:

    thanks it helped a lot

  70. omiah says:

    great, i love the research, is really educative and helpful.

  71. Tina says:

    Very great piece! Well done! Its been very helpful. Please could you help me with materials on the topic “Education psychology and its relevance as far as quality education and national development is concerned”. Thanks, anticipating your prompt response. Tina

  72. EVA says:

    Great ,it has really helped me!

  73. great job! well done.

  74. ominyi prosper says:

    your contribution to many life here will not go unrewarded, am happy to have visited this site, may the good God keep on giving you more knowledge to help human existence.

  75. SHUAIBULLAH says:

    thanks one thanks all for this nice information

  76. douglas murithi says:

    its a great job well done

  77. badamasi mukhtar haiba says:

    my name is badamasi mukhtar haiba from federal college of education katsina state nigeria,thanks for your contribution you made a great job to schoolers,

  78. Kariuki says:

    Good work

  79. Chrispine Kamanjenje says:

    I have learned alot upon reading this article. Now that I am assisted on what to do as a teacher. May you please send me more on educational psychology through my e-mail address so that I gain more knowledge on the topic.

  80. peter mulinge says:

    good work well organised

  81. Fr. Ben Mongolo says:

    This matter is helpful indeed. Thumbs.

  82. RODNEY says:

    thank yu very much for your very good, helpful and correct answer.

  83. Mukisa Nicodemus Were - Uganda(Africa) says:

    Thanks sir for such a great work, indeed it will impart generations like it has done to me.

  84. bukenya Joseph says:

    This is really great, thank you very from Kyambogo university.

  85. Ian Tambala says:

    Sir,I like this.

  86. Ian Tambala says:

    Sir,I like this.

  87. Bassey Bassey says:

    Thank you, it was useful to me.

  88. Eusiler Jebet says:

    great piece of work. it has really helped me during my research. Thank you

  89. Calvin Maragade says:

    I thank you all support team. I visit this web attempting to answer psychology question

  90. J like this,it’s a good work Sir

  91. Abdallahsbg says:

    That is great

  92. wongan wanda says:

    Am working on my assignment on prospective teacher’s and the information has helped so much keep up the good work

  93. Thank you. Hope to write more useful things.
    You can also have a look at my website:

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