Guidance is based upon a philosophy of human uniqueness, goodness, worth and dignity all of which can be nurtured. The guidance processes are based on the belief that given certain conditions, an individual’s potential to make a choice and make a decision can be utilized for maximum benefit to the individual and society.
As a teacher, you may have come across youngsters who are confused and indecisive when called upon to take decisions regarding choice of subjects, others activities in school or interpersonal difficulties with friends or siblings at home. You may have often wondered what you can do to help these children. Need for professional guidance is increasing due to increasing complexities of daily living.
The goal of education is to bring out and develop the inherent potentialities of an individual. Guidance has an important contribution in achieving these goals. School educational programmes consist of a variety of co-curricular activities which can, if guided properly become a vehicle for self-development.
MEANING OF GUIDANCE
To guide means to indicate, to point out, and to show the way. It means more than to assist. A man falls on the street; we assist him to get up but we do not guide him unless we help him to go in a certain direction.
The synonyms of ‘to guide’ are – to lead, to conduct, to regulate, to direct, to steer, to show, to channel, to point.
Guidance involves personal help given by someone; it is designed to assist a person to decide where he wants to go, what he wants to do, or how he can best accomplish his purpose; it assists him to solve problems that arise in his life. It does not solve problems for the individual but helps him to solve them.
The focus of guidance is the individual, not the problem; its purpose is to promote the growth of the individual in self-direction. This guidance may be given to groups or to individuals, but it is always designed to help individual even though they may be in group.
DEFINITION OF GUIDANCE
Ruth Strang. “Guidance is a process of helping every individual, through his own efforts, to discover and develop his potentialities for his personal happiness and social usefulness.”
A.J. Jones. “Guidance involves personal help given by a competent person; it is designed to assist a person in deciding where he wants to go, what he wants to do, or how he can best accomplish his purposes; it assists him in solving problems that arise in his life. It does not solve problems for the individual, but helps him to solve them. The focus of guidance is the individual and not the problem; its purpose is to promote the growth of the individual in self-direction.”
Knapps. “Learning about the individual student, helping him to understand himself, effecting changes in him and in his environment which will help him to grow and develop as much as possible – these are the elements of guidance.”
Secondary Education Commission, 1952. “Guidance involves the difficult art of helping boys and girls to plan their own future wisely in the full light of all the factors that can be mastered about themselves and about the world in which they are to live and work.”
Crow and Crow. “Guidance is assistance made available by personally and adequately trained men or women to an individual of any age to help him manage his own life activities, develop his own points of view, make his own decisions and carry his own burdens.”
John Brewer. “Guidance is a process through which an individual is able to solve his problems and pursue a path suited to his abilities and aspirations.”
Woodworth. “Guidance helps an individual to develop his personality and enables him to serve the society to the best of his capabilities and talents.”
Kitson. “Guidance is ‘individualised education’. Each student is to be helped to develop himself to the maximum possible degree in all respects.”
V.M. Proctor. “Guidance is a process through which an individual or groups of individuals are helped to make necessary adjustment to the environment – inside or outside the school.”