Nature of Guidance

1. Guidance is education itself. Guidance aims at educating the individual for understanding himself, unfolding his potentialities to their maximum so that he may eventually prove himself to be an adjusted and pragmatic member of the community. Guidance therefore is a significant education procedure. It is in short education itself.

2. Guidance is a process. Guidance is a process that enables an individual in discovering himself in the most satisfying and positive manner. It provides direction to enable an individual harness his potentialities, abilities, interests and aptitudes.

3. Guidance is a continuous process. Guidance is a dynamic and a non-stop process. In this process, an individual understands himself, learns to use maximum his own capacities, interests and other abilities. He continues his struggle for adjustment in different situations. He develops his capacity of decision-making.

4. Guidance is related with life. The process of guidance is related to life, its problems and challenges and how to face them. Problems and challenges are the building blocks of our personality. Guidance helps people to live a balanced and tension free-life with full satisfaction under the circumstances.

5. Guidance is self-direction. The nature of Guidance is not to thrust itself on an individual. It does not make choices for him. The ultimate purpose of guidance is guide the individual to direct himself in the right direction, to make his own choices, to fix his own life-goals and to carry his own burden.

6. Guidance is individual-centred. Whether given on individual or group basis, the focus of all guidance programmes is the individual who need to manage himself for a joyous today and a happy tomorrow by a healthy alignment of individual desires and aspiration with socially desirable good.

7. Guidance is a qualified and complex and organised service. Guidance is given by qualified and trained personnel. Hence guidance is a skill-involved process. The varied and complex nature of human life leaves its imprint on the guidance programmes which are a totality of experiences. Guidance depends on prior study of the individual, his assessment, initial counselling, interview, case study and a host of other subsidiary activities that qualifies Guidance as a complex process.

8. Guidance is based on individual differences. Individual differences or, the fact that individuals differ significantly, forms the basis of Guidance. If all the individuals had been alike, there was no scope for guidance. Individuals differ not only in their appearances but in their mental and intellectual endowments, desires, aspirations, and aptitudes.

9. Universality of guidance. Guidance is for all. Every person needs guidance at all the stages of life situations from childhood to old age. He needs guidance for solving problems to adjust in the family as well as in the society.

10. Guidance is making potential actual. Studies indicate that each person is born with more potential than he uses. Guidance programme aid the individual in the discovery of a hidden potential individual for his own benefit that that of the community. Thus guidance programme is used as an aid to discover the talent and use it for the progress of the country.

11. Preparation for future. The process of guidance is helpful in preparing a person for his future. Guidance helps in the choice of one’s career, one’s partner in life etc. Guidance helps the individual to march towards the future with confidence.

12. Modification of Behaviour. Guidance helps the persons in his adjustment in different situations and to modify one’s behaviour. Negative personality traits have been modified through skilful guidance and counselling. According to Carter V. Good, “Guidance is a process of dynamic interpersonal relationship designed to influence the attitudes and subsequent behaviour of a person.”


About John Parankimalil

John Parankimalil, SDB, M.A. (English), M.Ed, Ph.D (Education), popularly known as P.D. Johny is a member of the Salesians of Don Bosco. He is presently the Rector and Principal of Don Bosco College, Tura, Meghalaya and Director of Don Bosco College of Teacher Education, Tura. He received the 1st Computer Literacy Excellence Award from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the President of India in August 2002 and the Guruvar Best Teacher Award from Shri Kapil Sibal, HRD Union Minister in 2009. He was formerly Principal of St Anthony's Higher Secondary School, Shillong and National President of All India Association of Catholic Schools (AINACS), New Delhi and the Charter President of Rotary Club of Orchid City, Shillong. He has authored several books. He is an Eduationist, Story-Teller and Leadership Trainer. He conducts seminars for Principals, Teachers, Students and Parents. His popular books include, He Can Who Thinks He Can (Macmillan), An Elocution Manual (Orient Longman), Progressive Parenting (Unicorn), Inspirational Stories for Purposeful Living (Babhani) The Way to Success and Happiness (Savio), How to Win Over Your Problems (Babhani), The Secrets of High Achievers (Babhani).
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