As the name suggests, Personal Guidance is that which is rendered to a person for solving his personal problems. In this world of struggle and competition, one has to strive hard for the satisfaction of his personal needs. For the purpose, he has to make adjustment in so many aspects in different situations.
There are occasions when one feels difficulty in satisfaction of one’s personal needs. He also faces problems in making adjustment to himself, others and his peculiar environment. In this way one needs personal assistance or help for satisfying one’s personal needs as well as for solving one’s adjustment problems.
Thus personal guidance is the assistance offered to a person to solve his social, emotional, moral and health problems.
Hopkins – “Personal guidance is that guidance which is concerned with the problems of health, emotional adjustments and social adjustment of an individual. It also includes his recreation and leisure-time problems.”
Ruth Strang – “Personal guidance is the assistance given to an individual to solve his personal problems, such as emotional and social adjustment, economic and social relationship and problems connected with his physical as well as mental health.”
Wilson – “The purpose of personal guidance is to help the individual in his physical, emotional, social, moral and spiritual developments and adjustment.”
Taking all such aspects into consideration personal guidance may be found to cover all the problems and aspects concerning the development and adjustment of a person. Crow and Crow opines that, “Personal Guidance refers to help given an individual toward a better adjustment in the development of attitudes and behaviour in all areas of life.”
Objectives of Personal Guidance
The following are some of the important objectives of personal guidance.
To assist the pupils to realize that it is natural to experience periods of turmoil.
To assist him to enter into mental activity with renewed interest and vigour as he attains maturity.
To help him to overcome the awkward years of physical development.
To encourage him to continue the health, safety and physical education activities.
To help him to move gradually from dependence on others independence of judgment and action.
To help him to work to the limit of his capacity with full knowledge that he may not be as capable as other pupils.
To help him to develop a control over his emotions.
How to Render Personal Guidance
The following steps are involved in a personal guidance programme:
1. Collection of all the Information or Data: First of all, the essential information or data concerning the individual, who needs personal or psychological guidance, should be collected. It may be concerned with his physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, academic or scholastic achievement; personality characteristics, interests and aptitudes, family and school background and other environmental conditions. Thus an adequate picture of the background and personality make-up of an individual should be drawn in the mind for the solution of the problems, faced by individual.
2. Diagnosis of the Causes of the Problems: Now the problem of the individual is analysed in the relation with the collected information. The causes lying within the individual or his environment are detected. For having a correct diagnosis, a personal interview or other techniques may also be adopted and more information if needed may also be acquired.
3. Thinking about the Remedial Measures: In view of the detected possible causes, the remedial measures are chalked out. The Guidance worker now thinks about the personal guidance that may be provided for the individual in getting rid of his trouble.
4. Rendering Personal Guidance: By establishing proper rapport, the Guidance personnel makes the individual realize the main cause’ of his difficulty or trouble. Sometimes, on these bases he is made to realize or even think about the possible change in his behaviour or attitude. At this stage, possible solutions are offered, suggestions are proposed, affectionate and sympathetic advice may be given, goal setting techniques may be adopted… The sole purpose of such guidance is to help or assist the individual in getting rid of his difficulty either by modifying his behaviour or bringing some changes in his environment.
5. Follow-up Service: After rendering personal guidance to an individual, it is essential to evaluate the progress or outcome of such guidance through personal interview, contact or any other suitable technique. It is such follow-up programme that helps in knowing the strength and weakness of the administered personal guidance. It may also suggest the need of further guidance to him or any alteration in the proposed guidance.